ARC (Attachment, Self-Regulation and Competency) Framework

attachment regulation and competency model

When kids are faced with overwhelming stress and childhood adversity day after day, they’re often stuck in survival mode. They show up in treatment with attention and behavior problems, but their real issues are about the loss of control they feel over their lives. Those symptoms are a clear sign of complex developmental trauma. Co-developed by Margaret Blaustein and Kristine Kinniburgh, the ARC (Attachment, Self-Regulation, and Competency) Framework is clinically proven to enhance trauma treatment with children and adolescents.

The 10 building blocks of the attachment regulation and competency model are based on three core domains that are often impacted by trauma: attachment, self-regulation, and competency. The foundation of the framework is to build safe caregiving systems with youth that are able to buffer the impact of traumatic experiences. This includes caregiver affect management, attunement, and consistency of response and routines and rituals to promote feelings of safety and security.

The Science of Attachment Regulation: Insights for Therapists

Behavioral indicators are the specific, measurable behaviors that define each competency. They’re designed to help employees understand what the competencies look like in practice and provide a benchmark for performance evaluations. Competency models are also used to support training and development, employee engagement, talent management, and organizational alignment.

To develop an effective competency model, you need to gather information on the skills, knowledge, and behavioral requirements for different roles and job functions within your organization. Ideally, you’ll gather a team with diverse perspectives to design and test your competencies. The team should include HR professionals, subject matter experts, managers, employees, learning and development professionals, and executive leadership.